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what causes diabetes (these tips gonna make you prevent it)

What is diabetes?

Diabetes occurs when glucose or sugar level rises in the blood, which negatively affects the heart, kidneys, blood vessels, eyes, and nerves. Diabetes is divided into Type 1 diabetes and Type 2; however, it remains, no matter what type it is, a lifelong metabolic disease that occurs severe damages and threatens human life.

What is diabetes?

 

The types of diabetes

As it is mentioned above, there are two main types of diabetes:

Type 1 diabetes can be recognized when the body doesn’t produce insulin or produces it in small quantities, which makes the body need daily insulin doses to control blood glucose levels. Although it is able to develop at any age, type one diabetes often occurs among adolescents and children.

Type 2 diabetes is the most prevalent nowadays and includes around 90% of people with diabetes. Unlike the first type, Type 2 diabetes is more likely to spread among adults; in addition, the human body can produce insulin except that it can make no good use of it. Healthy lifestyle activities and nutrition are considered to be the keystone treatment for this type of diabetes. Yet, most people with diabetes will require oral medications and or insulin to maintain blood glucose levels under control.

 

Who Gets Diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes tends to spread among families. Type 2 diabetes can also run among families and may strike in at-risk individuals: people with overweight, often sitting people, over 35 aged or have already had gestational diabetes in the past. However, you cannot “catch” diabetes as a pathogen does not cause it.

Keeping a healthy lifestyle is an essential factor to prevent Type 2 diabetes according to medical professionals. Thus because the theory goes that too much white flour products, white sugar, corn syrup, and other refined sugars and grains cause the pancreas to become exhausted or the body to resist the insulin that is produced.

 

 What Causes diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes 

The specialist believes that type 1 diabetes occurs due to an autoimmune disorder and that a

combination of genetic predisposition and additional factors, unknown so far

In some individuals, their immune system attacks the pancreas and destroys its cells, thereby rendering it useless. In others with Type I diabetes, an injury or pancreatic surgery destroys the pancreas to the point that it can no longer produce insulin.

Type 1 diabetes has a different demographic than Type 2 as children between 2 and 22 years old can be diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, this is why type 1 diabetes got its alternative name: Juvenile Diabetes. However, aged people can undoubtedly develop type 1 diabetes, especially if there is an injury to the pancreas.

 

Type 2 diabetes 

Type 2 diabetes may have some hereditary factors, too, but not to the clear-cut degree that type 1 does. In Type 2, the body gets resistant to the insulin that the pancreas produces or, Type 2 diabetics have already a functioning pancreas except that the organ does not produce enough insulin. Aged individuals and those who are overweight are considered more at risk for developing Type 2 diabetes than those with healthy body weight and lifestyle.

One of the most significant factors for type 2 diabetes is obesity, as the statistics indicate that 80% of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight. Other than that, numerous risk factors have been associated with type 2 diabetes, such as:

  • Family history of diabetes
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Physical inactivity
  • Increasing age over 40 years old
  • High blood pressure
  • Ethnicity
  • Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT)*
  • Poor nutrition during pregnancy

 

What Triggers It?

An autoimmune disorder might trigger type I diabetes, as the body’s immune system can inexplicably attack the pancreas and destroy its cells. There might also be some other way that the pancreas gets damaged, which is not age-specific.

Type 2 diabetes may be prompted due to some unhealthy and sugar-rich diets and a less-movement lifestyle. The pancreas may become exhausted, simply because it is trying to keep the blood sugar down in response to the constant influx of sugar from the diet.

Other possibilities for triggering this type of diabetes include high blood pressure and stress. Although it is not directly proven as a causal factor, yet, people who suffer from high blood pressure are statistically more likely to develop diabetes than those with normal blood pressure.

Like blood pressure, stress as a causal factor has a similarly unproven status too. However, medical professionals often thought that prolonged, unrelieved stress increases the risk of diabetes. Sometimes the tension is caused by trauma or emotional disturbance, somehow making the individual susceptible to developing diabetes.

 

Symptoms of both types of diabetes

To help get a better grasp of the nature of diabetes, it helps to know the signs and symptoms for various age groups. Here are some of them.

 

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is more difficult to recognize when diagnosing it; thus, it requires more than one diagnosis to confirm. What about the symptoms actually both types have somehow the same symptoms

 

Type 2 diabetes

Somewhat similar to Type 1 diabetes, some people with Type 2 diabetes may not suffer from any symptoms of diabetes even though after years later because of Type 2 diabetes syndromes are often mild or absent and they include:

  • Excessive thirst and dry mouth
  • Frequent urination
  • Lack of energy, tiredness
  • Slow-healing wounds
  • Recurrent infections in the skin
  • Blurred vision
  • Tingling or numbness in hands and feet.

 

How to prevent diabetes

Based on what mentioned above, it will only make sense to take some preventative steps from diabetes. Fortunately, Type 2 diabetes is the most preventable form of the disease. Here are some tips that may help prevent diabetes from developing in your life.

Proper Diet – Foods That May Prevent Diabetes

Proper Diet - Foods That May Prevent Diabetes

 

Many sources revealed that a diet based on plant food is essential for preventing diabetes. Other foods that may help stabilize blood sugar and keep you from developing full-blown diabetes include the following:

 

* Foods that are rich in Magnesium like black beans, spinach, and almonds are said to help to prevent diabetes. Interestingly, people with diabetes in parallel are often deficient in Magnesium, sources say.

 

* Onions and garlic are natural blood sugar regulators. Black bean soup with garlic or black bean burgers with onions would be great!

 

*

Stevia is a delightful, calorie-free herb; the extract is often sold in grocery stores and health food stores as a sweetener. It may lower blood sugar, too, making it an excellent choice for people who have pre-diabetic conditions or individuals who want to avoid and prevent the onset of diabetes.

 

Exercise

 

Diabetes Exercise

Sport, in general, is essential for everyone. But for those who seek to prevent diabetes and avoid it, doing sport exercise is especially crucial. On the one hand, vigorous activity tends to lower blood sugar since it consumes energy. On the other hand, exercising usually results in weight loss if it is practiced regularly and properly. Therefore, maintaining a healthy body weight is the key to diabetes prevention.

 

 

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